chôhei mo nakute efumi mo naki jidai
without the draft
without ‘efumi’ loyalty test
from ‘Kakyo” (‘Home Country’), a haiku collection of Kiyofumi Yoneda, Furansu-do, Tokyo, 2017
Fay’s Note: During Edo period (1603-1867), being a Christian was illegal. ‘efumi’ test (trodding on a plate with Virgin Mary or other Christian symbol on it) was conducted It was done often in the spring and it became a spring kigo.